Learn more on what is going on beneath our skin...

Skin care covers all issues for all ages, skin types, skin tones, budgets, from how to use, what do they do, how do you care for your skin when you have menopause, hormone imbalance, when you are sick or when there is a sudden change of weather expose that causes skin to react differently. 


Our skin is extremely complex and it works very hard for us. To really understand how our skincare products work for us, we would love to give you some details of how our skin functions in this article so that you have a basic understanding of what is going on beneath the skin, and that, you would appreciate how skincare can help to set your skin.


Our skin is a living, breathing organ in our body. Our skin has different function :

  • Regulates our body temperature
  • Helps prevent dehydration and protects us from the negative effects of too much heat or cold.
  • Sweats our waste products such as ammonia and urea
  • Heals itself against injuries
  • The deepest layer of skin store water, fat and metabolic products. And it produces hormones that are important for the whole body.


    Anatomy of the Skin | Biologique Recherche Singapore BareSkin Elements

    Our skin is made up of multiple layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and the subcutaneous layer, which includes fat and important connective tissue.


    1. Epidermis

    The epidermis is the thin, outer layer of the skin that is visible to the eye and works to provide protection for the body. It consists mostly of keratinocytes, but also of Langerhans cells, melanocytes, and Merkel cells resting on a supporting dermis that contains the nerve and vascular networks, which nourish the epidermis. The epidermis is constantly renewing itself, shedding dead skin cells and replacing them with new, healthy cells in a sort of skin renewal process. Every time you wash, exfoliate, or rub something against your skin, you lose some dead cells and allow younger ones to take their place. However, this process slows down as we get older. So, we need to constantly make sure we keep our skin clean, exfoliated if we do not want our complexion to look dull and lifeless.


    The bottom layer of the epidermis also produces melanin, which helps protect us from UV rays and gives our skin its colour. When we get tan, our skin is producing more melanin in an attempt to shield us from the sun. So, remember to apply sunblock always.


    2. Dermis

    Dermis is a fibrous structure composed of collagen, elastic tissue, and other extracellular components that includes vasculature, nerve endings, hair follicles, and glands. The role of the dermis is to support and protect the skin and deeper layers, assist in thermoregulation, and aid in sensation. When we are young, our dermis is full of collagen and elastin that can bounce back into shape, however, as we age, they break down faster than our cells can replace them, and this leads to wrinkles and dry skin. 


    3. Subcutaneous Tissue (fat)

    It's the deepest layer of your skin and serves a variety of important functions. This layer provides insulation for your body, keeping you warm. It also provides a cushion that works like a shock absorber surrounding your vital organs. As we age, subcutaneous tissue starts to thin out. It can dramatically affect the appearance of the skin and how aging impacts the skin, specifically in the area of the face and neck. With aging, the volume of facial fat decreases, and there is less supportive tissue to support the skin's normal elasticity. The facial skin begins to droop and sag; the bones and muscles of the face also lose volume.


    Note: The explanation of the skin anatomy is extracted from some medical / book article available online.


    Now we understand how our skin function, the more we should appreciate skincare to treat and maintain our skin. Here in our Biologique Recherche authorised retail online store, we have a wide range of products and each product is targeted for different skin instant, come in different size of molecule to penetrate into different layer of the skin; and targeted to treat different concern. There is no one size fit all product ! If you are unsure, you can contact us for online consultation via whatsapp or our online form.


    Though every skin condition is different, we still need to get into a good habits with daily routine and you will see the benefits. If you get the right product, you can maintain your skin and age gracefully. Make your routine a habit, morning and evening. Take your time in each application and enjoy the process.


    Hope this article helps.


    Have a good day ahead.


    Serene, Bareskin Elements